Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market

Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market By Type (Durable and Disposable), Protection Level (Type 3, Type 4, Type 5, and Type 6), Application (General Protection, Chemical Protection, Biological Protection, Paint Industry, Military, Industrial Cleaning, Clean Rooms, and Health Care and Pharmaceuticals, Others), and Region (North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, Middle East & Africa)

  • Report ID: HC-2509
  • Author: Growth Market Reports
  • Rating: 4.8
  • Total Reviews: 2
  • No. Of Pages: 288
  • Format:
  • Pub. Date: 20-04-2021
  • Share:

Market Outlook:

The global chemical and biological protective coveralls market was valued at USD 2,871.8 Mn in 2020 and is anticipated to reach USD 6,247.5 Mn by 2028, expanding at a CAGR of 10.3% during the forecast period. Chemical and biological protective coveralls refer to clothing that is worn by individuals that engage in activities that may expose them to chemical and biological hazards. These coveralls ensure protection to the wearers from these hazards. They are used when the chemicals are corrosive, irritant, photosensitizers, skin carcinogens, and the when there is a risk of being prone to harmful biological agents such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, prions, and parasites.


Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market key takeaways

Market Dynamics

Rising Safety Concerns Regarding Chemicals Expected to Act as a Driving Force for the Market

A key aspect of the sustainability goals of players in the chemical industry, governments, and environmentalists is to steer the wheel towards better management of commercial chemicals. The Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM), a policy framework for the production of chemicals which is backed by large international chemical companies, is taking efforts to promote sharing of hazards and risk information of chemicals. In addition to this, concerns regarding the worker safety are rising across the globe due to increasing workplace injuries & accidents These factors in combination are anticipated to drive the growth of the market during the forecast period.

Rise in Prevalence of Biological Diseases

Infection diseases (disorders caused by biological agents — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites) were listed as one of the top 10 risks in terms of impact for the next decade as per the Global Risks Report. Rising global population, overcrowding in cities with poor sanitation, and lack of public health infrastructure in certain regions is leading to a rise in infectious diseases. In addition, globally, an estimated 3,20,000 workers die every year from infectious work-related diseases. This is leading to a rise in the prominence of protective coveralls and is projected to boost the growth of the global chemical and biological protective coveralls market during the forecast period.

Regulatory Bodies Anticipated to Play a Key Role in Boosting the Market

Strict regulations regarding the safety of individuals prone to hazardous chemicals and biological agents are expected to uplift the demand for chemical & biological protective coveralls. Organizations such as WHO (World Health Organizations) and OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) play a key role in highlighting the safety of individuals at the workplace by implementing & updating standards and promoting safeguards. The intervention of regulatory authorities and bodies is expected to drive the growth of the market during the forecast period.

Growing Chemical Industry Expected to Fuel the Market

The chemical industry saw a decline due to the pandemic and contracted by 2.6% in 2020 according to ACC (American Chemistry Council). But it is expected to bounce back in the beginning of the forecast period and grow considerably later on. Countries such as India and China are expected to lead this recovery in terms of the global output of chemicals. This bouncing back of the chemical industry is expected to drive the growth of the market during the forecast period.

Growing Infrastructural Development & Manufacturing Activities

Infrastructural development continues to grow in spite of the pandemic. In fact, global infrastructure projects are anticipated to create the bedrock of plans for economic recovery from the pandemic. In 2020, over 2,500 projects were announced, a 5.5% rise from the previous year. As a result, construction activities are growing thereby bolstering the paints industry which in turn, is fueling chemical and biological protective coveralls market. In addition, though manufacturing activities aren’t at the pre-pandemic level, the manufacturing industry is witnessing a recovery globally with countries such as China already witnessing excellent growth in industrial output near the pre-covid levels. This bouncing back of manufacturing activities across the globe is anticipated to provide multiple opportunities to the market during the forecast period.

Segmental Outlook

The global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market is segmented on the basis of types, protection level, application, and regions.

In terms of types, the global chemical and biological protective coveralls market is segmented into durable and disposable. The durable segment is anticipated to account for a substantial share of the market and expand at a significant CAGR due to the growing prominence of sustainability across the globe bolstering the utility of reusable protective coveralls.


Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market by types

Based on protection level, the global chemical and biological protective coveralls market is segmented into type 3, type 4, type 5, and type 6. The type 3 segment held a considerable share of the market in 2020 and this trend is anticipated to persist during the forecast period owing to demand for applications such as handling of inorganic and organic chemicals and protection from infectious agents.


Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market by protection level

In terms of application, the global chemical and biological protective coveralls market is segmented into general protection, chemical protection, biological protection, paint industry, military, industrial cleaning, clean rooms, health care and pharmaceuticals. The chemical protection held a considerable share of the market in 2020 and is projected to account for a substantial share of the market during the forecast period owing to growing demand for chemicals from end-use industries. The paint industry segment is anticipated to account for a sizeable share of the market and expand at a significant CAGR owing to rise in demand for paints as a result of expanding urbanization and infrastructural development across the globe.

Regional Outlook

Based on regions, the global chemical and biological protective coveralls market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa. North America held a significant share of the market in 2020 and is anticipated to expand at a substantial CAGR during the forecast period due to growing demand for chemical and biological coveralls for military activities. Europe accounted for a considerable share of the market in 2020 and is projected to account for a substantial share of the market during the forecast period owing to growth of the healthcare industry driving the growth of the market in the region.


Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market by regions

Key Benefits for Industry Participants & Stakeholders

  • In-depth Analysis of the global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market
  • Historical, Current and Projected Market Size in terms of Value and Volume
  • Potential & Niche Segments and Regions Exhibiting Promising Growth Covered
  • Industry Drivers, Restraints and Opportunities Covered in the Study
  • Recent Industry Trends and Developments
  • Competitive Landscape & Strategies of Key Players
  • Neutral Perspective on Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Performance

Segments

Key Segments Covered

By Type

  • Durable
  • Disposable

By Protection Level

  • Type 3
  • Type 4
  • Type 5
  • Type 6

By Applications

  • General Protection
  • Chemical Protection
  • Biological Protection
  • Paint Industry
  • Military
  • Industrial Cleaning
  • Clean Rooms
  • Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
  • Others

By Regions

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

Key Market Players Profiled in the Report

  • Uvex group
  • DuPont de Nemours, Inc.
  • 3M
  • ANSELL LTD.
  • Lakeland Inc.
  • Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
  • Honeywell International Inc.
  • ASATEX AG
  • Delta Plus Group
  • Respirex

Competitive Landscape

  • Top players in the market include Uvex group, DuPont de Nemours, Inc., 3M, ANSELL LTD., Lakeland Inc., Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc., Honeywell International Inc., ASATEX AG, Delta Plus Group, and Respirex.
  • These companies are considered as key manufacturers of piezoelectric element based on their revenue, product offerings, regional presence, and supply chain management system.
  • The players are adopting key strategies such as acquisition, collaborations, and geographical expansion where potential opportunity for the Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market.
Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market by key players

Video Summary for Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market

Chapter 1 Executive Summary
Chapter 2 Assumptions and Acronyms Used
Chapter 3 Research Methodology
Chapter 4 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Overview
   4.1 Introduction
      4.1.1 Market Taxonomy
      4.1.2 Market Definition
      4.1.3 Macro-Economic Factors Impacting the Market Growth
   4.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Dynamics
      4.2.1 Market Drivers
      4.2.2 Market Restraints
      4.2.3 Market Opportunity
   4.3 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market - Supply Chain Analysis
      4.3.1 List of Key Suppliers
      4.3.2 List of Key Distributors
      4.3.3 List of Key Consumers
   4.4 Key Forces Shaping the Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market
      4.4.1 Bargaining Power of Suppliers
      4.4.2 Bargaining Power of Buyers
      4.4.3 Threat of Substitution
      4.4.4 Threat of New Entrants
      4.4.5 Competitive Rivalry
   4.5 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size & Forecast, 2018-2028
      4.5.1 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size and Y-o-Y Growth
      4.5.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Absolute $ Opportunity
   4.6 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Pricing Analysis & Forecast
   4.7 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market: Impact Of Key Regulations
   4.8 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Sustainability and Re-usability Efforts by Players in the Industry
Chapter 5 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Analysis and Forecast By Type
   5.1 Introduction
      5.1.1 Key Market Trends & Growth Opportunities By Type
      5.1.2 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
      5.1.3 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   5.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      5.2.1 Durable
      5.2.2 Disposable
   5.3 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
Chapter 6 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Analysis and Forecast By Protection Level
   6.1 Introduction
      6.1.1 Key Market Trends & Growth Opportunities By Protection Level
      6.1.2 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
      6.1.3 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   6.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      6.2.1 Type 3
      6.2.2 Type 4
      6.2.3 Type 5
      6.2.4 Type 6
   6.3 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
Chapter 7 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Analysis and Forecast By Application
   7.1 Introduction
      7.1.1 Key Market Trends & Growth Opportunities By Application
      7.1.2 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
      7.1.3 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   7.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      7.2.1 General Protection
      7.2.2 Chemical Protection
      7.2.3 Biological Protection
      7.2.4 Paint Industry
      7.2.5 Military
      7.2.6 Biohazard
      7.2.7 Industrial Cleaning
      7.2.8 Clean Rooms
      7.2.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   7.3 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 8 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Analysis and Forecast by Region
   8.1 Introduction
      8.1.1 Key Market Trends & Growth Opportunities by Region
      8.1.2 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Region
      8.1.3 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Region
   8.2 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Region
      8.2.1 North America
      8.2.2 Europe
      8.2.3 Asia Pacific
      8.2.4 Latin America
      8.2.5 Middle East & Africa (MEA)
   8.3 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Region
Chapter 9 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Impact
   9.1 Introduction
   9.2 Current & Future Impact Analysis
   9.3 Economic Impact Analysis
   9.4 Government Policies
   9.5 Investment Scenario
Chapter 10 North America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Analysis and Forecast
   10.1 Introduction
   10.2 North America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Country
      10.2.1 U.S.
      10.2.2 Canada
   10.3 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Country
   10.4 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Country
   10.5 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Country
   10.6 North America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      10.6.1 Durable
      10.6.2 Disposable
   10.7 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
   10.8 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   10.9 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
   10.10 North America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      10.10.1 Type 3
      10.10.2 Type 4
      10.10.3 Type 5
      10.10.4 Type 6
   10.11 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
   10.12 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   10.13 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
   10.14 North America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      10.14.1 General Protection
      10.14.2 Chemical Protection
      10.14.3 Biological Protection
      10.14.4 Paint Industry
      10.14.5 Military
      10.14.6 Biohazard
      10.14.7 Industrial Cleaning
      10.14.8 Clean Rooms
      10.14.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   10.15 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
   10.16 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   10.17 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 11 Europe Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Analysis and Forecast
   11.1 Introduction
   11.2 Europe Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Country
      11.2.1 Germany
      11.2.2 France
      11.2.3 Italy
      11.2.4 U.K.
      11.2.5 Spain
      11.2.6 Russia
      11.2.7 Rest of Europe
   11.3 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Country
   11.4 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Country
   11.5 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Country
   11.6 Europe Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      11.6.1 Durable
      11.6.2 Disposable
   11.7 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
   11.8 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   11.9 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
   11.10 Europe Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      11.10.1 Type 3
      11.10.2 Type 4
      11.10.3 Type 5
      11.10.4 Type 6
   11.11 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
   11.12 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   11.13 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
   11.14 Europe Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      11.14.1 General Protection
      11.14.2 Chemical Protection
      11.14.3 Biological Protection
      11.14.4 Paint Industry
      11.14.5 Military
      11.14.6 Biohazard
      11.14.7 Industrial Cleaning
      11.14.8 Clean Rooms
      11.14.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   11.15 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
   11.16 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   11.17 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 12 Asia Pacific Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Analysis and Forecast
   12.1 Introduction
   12.2 Asia Pacific Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Country
      12.2.1 China
      12.2.2 Japan
      12.2.3 South Korea
      12.2.4 India
      12.2.5 Australia
      12.2.6 South East Asia (SEA)
      12.2.7 Rest of Asia Pacific (APAC)
   12.3 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Country
   12.4 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Country
   12.5 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Country
   12.6 Asia Pacific Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      12.6.1 Durable
      12.6.2 Disposable
   12.7 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
   12.8 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   12.9 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
   12.10 Asia Pacific Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      12.10.1 Type 3
      12.10.2 Type 4
      12.10.3 Type 5
      12.10.4 Type 6
   12.11 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
   12.12 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   12.13 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
   12.14 Asia Pacific Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      12.14.1 General Protection
      12.14.2 Chemical Protection
      12.14.3 Biological Protection
      12.14.4 Paint Industry
      12.14.5 Military
      12.14.6 Biohazard
      12.14.7 Industrial Cleaning
      12.14.8 Clean Rooms
      12.14.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   12.15 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
   12.16 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   12.17 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 13 Latin America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Analysis and Forecast
   13.1 Introduction
   13.2 Latin America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Country
      13.2.1 Brazil
      13.2.2 Mexico
      13.2.3 Rest of Latin America (LATAM)
   13.3 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Country
   13.4 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Country
   13.5 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Country
   13.6 Latin America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      13.6.1 Durable
      13.6.2 Disposable
   13.7 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
   13.8 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   13.9 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
   13.10 Latin America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      13.10.1 Type 3
      13.10.2 Type 4
      13.10.3 Type 5
      13.10.4 Type 6
   13.11 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
   13.12 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   13.13 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
   13.14 Latin America Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      13.14.1 General Protection
      13.14.2 Chemical Protection
      13.14.3 Biological Protection
      13.14.4 Paint Industry
      13.14.5 Military
      13.14.6 Biohazard
      13.14.7 Industrial Cleaning
      13.14.8 Clean Rooms
      13.14.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   13.15 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
   13.16 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   13.17 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 14 Middle East & Africa (MEA) Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Analysis and Forecast
   14.1 Introduction
   14.2 Middle East & Africa (MEA) Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast by Country
      14.2.1 Saudi Arabia
      14.2.2 South Africa
      14.2.3 UAE
      14.2.4 Rest of Middle East & Africa (MEA)
   14.3 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis by Country
   14.4 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment by Country
   14.5 Market Attractiveness Analysis by Country
   14.6 Middle East & Africa (MEA) Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Type
      14.6.1 Durable
      14.6.2 Disposable
   14.7 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Type
   14.8 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Type
   14.9 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Type
   14.10 Middle East & Africa (MEA) Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Protection Level
      14.10.1 Type 3
      14.10.2 Type 4
      14.10.3 Type 5
      14.10.4 Type 6
   14.11 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Protection Level
   14.12 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Protection Level
   14.13 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Protection Level
   14.14 Middle East & Africa (MEA) Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market Size Forecast By Application
      14.14.1 General Protection
      14.14.2 Chemical Protection
      14.14.3 Biological Protection
      14.14.4 Paint Industry
      14.14.5 Military
      14.14.6 Biohazard
      14.14.7 Industrial Cleaning
      14.14.8 Clean Rooms
      14.14.9 Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
   14.15 Basis Point Share (BPS) Analysis By Application
   14.16 Absolute $ Opportunity Assessment By Application
   14.17 Market Attractiveness Analysis By Application
Chapter 15 Competition Landscape
   15.1 Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market: Competitive Dashboard
   15.2 Global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market: Market Share Analysis, 2020
   15.3 Company Profiles (Details – Overview, Financials, Developments, Strategy)
      15.3.1 Uvex group
      15.3.2 DuPont de Nemours, Inc.
      15.3.3 3M
      15.3.4 ANSELL LTD.
      15.3.5 Lakeland Inc.
      15.3.6 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
      15.3.7 Honeywell International Inc.
      15.3.8 ASATEX AG
      15.3.9 Delta Plus Group
      15.3.10 Respirex

Key Segments Covered

By Type

  • Durable
  • Disposable

By Protection Level

  • Type 3
  • Type 4
  • Type 5
  • Type 6

By Applications

  • General Protection
  • Chemical Protection
  • Biological Protection
  • Paint Industry
  • Military
  • Industrial Cleaning
  • Clean Rooms
  • Health Care and Pharmaceuticals
  • Others

By Regions

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

Key Market Players Profiled in the Report

  • Uvex group
  • DuPont de Nemours, Inc.
  • 3M
  • ANSELL LTD.
  • Lakeland Inc.
  • Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
  • Honeywell International Inc.
  • ASATEX AG
  • Delta Plus Group
  • Respirex
  • Top players in the market include Uvex group, DuPont de Nemours, Inc., 3M, ANSELL LTD., Lakeland Inc., Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc., Honeywell International Inc., ASATEX AG, Delta Plus Group, and Respirex.
  • These companies are considered as key manufacturers of piezoelectric element based on their revenue, product offerings, regional presence, and supply chain management system.
  • The players are adopting key strategies such as acquisition, collaborations, and geographical expansion where potential opportunity for the Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market.
Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls Market by key players

Buy Report

FAQ Section

Some frequently asked quetions about this report!

Additional company profiles can be provided on request

According to this Growth Market Reports report, the Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market is likely to register a CAGR of 10.3% during forecast period 2020-2027, with an anticipated valuation of USD 6,247.5 Mn by the end of the 2028.

In addition to market size (in US$ Million), Company Market Share (in % for base year 2019), and quality parameter overview is provided.

Rising safety concerns regarding chemicals expected to act as a driving force for the market and rise in prevalence of biological diseases is expected to drive the market growth during forecast period.

The major applications of chemical and biological protective coveralls are general protection, chemical protection, biological protection, paint industry, military, biohazard, industrial cleaning, clean rooms, and health care and pharmaceuticals.

Factors such as competitive strength and market positioning are key areas considered while selecting top companies to be profiled.

The market is expected to witness a significant decrease in growth between 2019 and 2020 owing to the COVID 19 pandemic on the Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market.

The base year considered for the global Chemical and Biological Protective Coveralls market report is 2020. The complete analysis period is 2018 to 2028, wherein, 2018, and 2019 are the historic years, and the forecast is provided from 2021 to 2028.

Factors such as growth of rising safety concerns regarding chemicals expected to act as a driving force for the market and rise in prevalence of biological diseases are analyzed in the final report.

Major Manufacturers DuPont de Nemours, Inc., 3M, ANSELL LTD., Lakeland Inc., Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc., and others.