According to a recent market study published by Growth Market Reports, titled, “Global Terminal Tractor Market by propulsion, by capacity, by automation level, by end use and by sales channel: Size, Share, Trends and Opportunity Analysis, 2016-2031”, the market was valued at US$ 251.17 Million in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at a growth rate 7.1% by the year 2031.

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A terminal tractor, also known as a yard truck, shunt truck, spotter truck, or yard dog, is a heavy-duty vehicle designed to move semi-trailers within cargo yards, warehouses, or intermodal terminals. They are equipped with a back-up cab to increase visibility and a hydraulic fifth wheel to quickly switch trailers. Terminal tractors are essential in logistics operations, due to their maneuverability, efficiency in short-distance transport, and ability to stack trailers in high-density storage environments. 

The primary objective of these vehicles is to transfer trailers from one point to another for loading, unloading, or storage, rather than long-distance haulage. Increasing industrialization and development is an important factor for increasing the demand for e-commerce and logistics industries. Growing trends in the market and engagements on online shopping platforms increased the number of buyers and sellers globally for e-commerce and logistics industries, which need to maintain their stocks and materials in warehouses.

Infrastructural development such as construction of multiple companies, residential & commercial buildings, public welfare properties, metro stations, and road works require huge amount of equipment, machineries, and raw materials. Terminal tractors have the ability to transport heavy materials and load for such constructions, which drives the trailer terminal tractor market. High operational costs can be a key limitation for the terminal tractor market, as they have a direct impact on the overall profitability and efficiency of enterprises that rely on these vehicles to transport items within terminals, warehouses, and distribution centers.

High demand for international trade among all businesses is attributed to its features such as high reliability, low operating cost, and easy access & service. Increasing international trade leads to maintenance of huge stock of raw materials, products, and goods. This creates opportunities for the players in the trailer terminal tractor market.
The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the global terminal tractor market, creating disruptions and changes across the market. The terminal tractor market faced severe problems, as the pandemic spread globally.

Imposition of lockdowns and limitations caused supply chain disruptions, with production plants shutting down or operating at reduced capacity. This resulted in production delays, component shortages, and transportation challenges. Furthermore, the decline in international trade and the closure of numerous enterprises, particularly in logistics, distribution, and shipping, resulted in a fall in demand for terminal tractors.

Key Takeaways from the Study:

  • Key players operating in the market Kalmar, AUTOCAR, LLC, Gaussin SA, Konecranes, Mol CY, Royal Terberg Group B.V. (Terberg Special Vehicles), Toyota Industries Corporation (Toyota Material Handling Group), SANY Group, and MAFI Transport-Systeme GmbH. These companies are considered key manufacturers of terminal tractor based on their revenue, research development (R&D) activities, Gauge Type offerings, regional presence, and supply chain management system.

  • Based on propulsion, the global terminal tractor market is segmented into internal combustion engine (ICE) and electric. Electric and hydrogen fuel cell technologies are gaining popularity; however, its adoption in the terminal tractor market is hampered by issues such as infrastructure development and upfront expenses. ICE-powered terminal tractors benefit from an established refueling infrastructure and a reduced upfront cost as compared to its hydrogen counterparts.

  • Based on automation level, the global terminal tractor market is segmented into Level 0, Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, Level 4, and Level 5. The progressive move from manual to Level 2 automation offers a seamless transition for operators and industry stakeholders. This strategy recognizes the necessity for human supervision while progressively adding automation, addressing concerns about job displacement and the learning curve associated with fully autonomous systems.

  • Based on capacity, the global terminal tractor market is segmented into upto 40 tons, 40 to 80 tons, 80 to 150 tons, and above 150 tons. Expansion of the global trade is boosting the demand for efficient and dependable terminal tractors that carry heavy loads. The capacity range of 40 to 80 tons fits well with modern logistical demands, enabling for the movement of large containers and heavy freight in a single operation. This range of capacity improves operating efficiency by reducing the number of trips required, and contributes to rapid cargo rotation.

  • Based on end use, the global terminal tractor market is segmented into marine port logistics, air port logistics, factories, warehouse, rail logistics and others. Increased demand for efficient cargo handling and transportation within these sectors is driving the usage of terminal tractors in Marine Port logistics. Terminal tractors are used in marine port logistics to transfer containers between shipyards and storage locations, thereby increasing the speed and precision of container movement during loading and unloading activities.

  • Based on sales channel, the global terminal tractor market is segmented into direct sales and indirect sales. Direct sales allow terminal tractor manufacturers to build direct relationships with their customers, allowing for improved communication, understanding of particular requirements, and personalized solutions. This method eliminates the need for intermediaries, thereby expediting the purchase process and potentially lowering prices for both manufacturers and customers. Furthermore, direct sales enable manufacturers to provide competitive pricing, customization possibilities, and efficient after-sales assistance, all of which improve customer satisfaction.

  • Based on region, the Global Terminal Tractor Market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa (MEA). North America is estimated to hold a substantial share of the market in the coming years, due to the growing demand for efficient and sustainable logistics solutions, driven by the booming e-commerce sector and the high need for streamlined distribution networks. Terminal tractors, also known as yard trucks or shunt trucks, are essential in these activities, as they facilitate freight movement within transportation hubs, warehouses, and distribution facilities.

Report Scope:

Report Metric


Market Value in 2022

US$ 251.17 Million

Market Growth Rate (from 2016 to 2030)

7.1 %

Historical Data

2016 to 2022

Base Year


Forecast Period

2023 - 2031

Units Considered

Value (US$ Million)

Market Segments

By Propulsion, By Capacity, By Automation Level, By End Use, By Sales Channel and By Region.

Key Companies Profiled

Kalmar, AUTOCAR, LLC, Gaussin SA, Konecranes, Mol CY, Royal Terberg Group B.V. (Terberg Special Vehicles), Toyota Industries Corporation (Toyota Material Handling Group), SANY Group, and MAFI Transport-Systeme GmbH

Customization Scope

Report customization available on request

Pricing and Purchase Options

Avail of tailor-made purchase options to meet your research requirements.

Target Audience:

  • Supply-side: Manufacturer, Distributors and Retailers.

  • Demand Side: Marine Port Logistics, Air Port Logistics, Factories, Warehouse, Rail Logistics and Others.